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How to Help Prevent Heat Related Illness

General Information

Heat related illnesses are caused by the body improperly cooling itself down. The way our body cools down is by sweating but in extreme temperatures or when someone is doing physical activities in the heat, it might not be enough to keep the body cool. There are 3 types of heat illness: heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and heat cramps. Heat cramps is first stage of the heat illnesses, heat exhaustion is next, and heat stroke is the most dangerous.

Heat Cramps Symptoms: heavy sweating during exercise and muscle cramping

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms: heavy sweating, cold, pale, weak pulse, nausea, tiredness, dizziness, headache, and fainting.

Heat Stroke Symptoms: high body temperature, hat, red, dry skin, fast, strong pulse, headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion, losing consciousness

How to Prevent

Stay Cool: Take breaks in shady areas, try going out during the cooler parts of the day like mornings and afternoons

Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water, don’t wait until the hot day to start drinking

Stay Informed: Stay updated on local weather updates and forecasts, know the right procedure if you or someone you know gets and heat related illness

What to do

Stop physical activity, drink water or sports drink, loosen your clothes, move to a cool area, place wet clothes on yourself or take a cool bath, if it is a heatstroke call 911 for an emergency