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Guide to the Walter H.​ Brovald Papers,​ 1938-​1990

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Summary Information

Title: Walter H. Brovald Papers

Inclusive Dates: 1938-1990

Creator: Brovald, Walter H., 1928-

Call Number: Eau Claire Mss BG; Eau Claire Micro 26; Micro 1136

Quantity: 9.6 c.f. (6 archives boxes and 1 flat box), 3 reels of microfilm (35mm)

Repository: Housed at the Area Research Center, William D. McIntyre Library, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire; owned by the Wisconsin Historical Society, Library-Archives Division

Archival Locations: UW-Eau Claire McIntyre Library / Eau Claire Area Research Ctr.

Abstract: Papers of a journalism educator and editor/publisher (1954-1967) of the Cadott Sentinel, Cadott, Wisconsin, an award-winning weekly newspaper, including personal correspondence, photographs, and business and professional material. The business and professional papers consist of financial records and correspondence concerning his early career as a copywriter for the Arthur Towell advertising agency, his purchase of the Sentinel, his leadership in the Wisconsin Press Association, and his relationship with many journalists and Wisconsin politicians such as Lester Johnson, Gaylord Nelson, Alvin O'Konski, Vernon Thomson, and Alexander Wiley. Personal correspondence, which is predominantly outgoing, details his education at the University of Wisconsin during the 1940s and at the University of Minnesota during the 1960s, his career as a Methodist lay minister, and his work as publicist for the Wisconsin-Nicaragua Partners of the Americas. The latter files include photographs and newspaper columns concerning a 1965 trip to Nicaragua by the Partners. Also included are biographical clippings, diaries, research material and notes about Cadott, files on coursework at the University of Wisconsin, and a few examples of his writings.

Language: English

Biography/History

Journalist Walter H. Brovald was born in Necedah, Wisconsin on May 5, 1928. He grew up in Eau Claire and graduated from the local high school in 1945 and the University of Wisconsin in 1949.

Although Brovald's undergraduate major was English, he was a lifelong journalism and printing enthusiast, and he began printing a newspaper at the age of ten. During high school he ran his own commercial print shop and was sports editor for his high school paper and a sports reporter for various local newspapers. While a student at the University he worked for the Daily Cardinal and as a copywriter for the Arthur Towell advertising agency. From 1949 to 1952 Brovald was editor, then managing editor of the Stanley Republican, Stanley, Wisconsin. At this time, he began writing a column about small town life, “Behind the Eight Ball,” which he continued after he left the Republican. In 1952-1953 he tried his hand in radio as the assistant news editor for WEAU in Eau Claire.

In 1954 Brovald fulfilled a lifelong dream of operating his own weekly newspaper when he bought the Cadott Sentinel from publisher A. T. Nabbefeld. As publisher and editor of the Sentinel Printing and Publishing Co., Brovald put out the paper and operated a job printing business on the side. For this work he received 56 state and national awards for journalistic excellence. During the period 1960-1961 he served as president of the Wisconsin Press Association.

During his career in Cadott, Brovald was very active in the community's social, political, and religious life. He served as president of the local Lion's Club and was a member of the Chamber of Commerce and the Wisconsin State University--Eau Claire area committee. From 1958 to 1961 he also served as a lay pastor to several Methodist churches in the area. Brovald was a founding member of the Wisconsin/Nicaragua Partners of the Americas, and in 1965 he traveled to Nicaragua as the Partner's public relations officer.

In 1966 Brovald left Cadott to study for an advanced degree in mass communications at the University of Minnesota, while his wife Lillian T. Brovald stayed behind to run the paper. After the paper was sold in 1967, Brovald settled in St. Paul and taught at the University.

Scope and Content Note

The papers primarily document the Wisconsin portion of Brovald's career in journalism. This was a period in which he achieved considerable professional prominence as the editor/publisher of a weekly newspaper, and although the documentation in this small collection is not complete, it does afford the researcher a rare archival glimpse of that type of journalistic activity. While the documentation concerning the operational and financial status of the paper is disappointing, the collection does paint a vivid picture of how the life of a small-town newspaperman differed from his metropolitan counterpart. In addition, there is extensive material about Brovald's personal life while a student at the University of Wisconsin and later in graduate school at the University of Minnesota, his work as a Methodist lay minister, and his involvement with the Wisconsin-Nicaragua Partners of the Americas. The latter files are of particular interest, for they include documentary photographs and newspaper columns concerning his 1965 trip to Nicaragua.

The collection is arranged into biographical material, business and professional files, personal files, and University of Wisconsin coursework. The distinction between the personal and professional files is not always distinct, however, and one will find that the business files contain some letters to and from journalists with whom Brovald shared a personal as well as a professional relationship, while the personal files contain extensive correspondence on his volunteer work as a publicist in behalf of the Wisconsin/Nicaragua Partners. The collection consists primarily of biographical clippings, correspondence, course work, and financial records, although there are also research materials and notes primarily concerning Cadott, diaries, and a few examples of his writings. The Cadott Sentinel itself is available on microfilm in the Society Library.

A substantial portion of the collection consisted of carbons of Brovald's outgoing correspondence typed on highly acidic paper. On order to preserve their content, this portion of the collection has been microfilmed. The originals were later destroyed.

The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL consists of newspaper clippings about Brovald, information on miscellaneous awards, and photographs generally documenting events in his personal and professional life.

The BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL FILES are subdivided into subject files, general correspondence, and financial records. The subject files, which are arranged alphabetically, include correspondence concerning employment and the purchase of a newspaper, his work to publicize the Wisconsin Centennial in 1948 while in the employ of the Arthur Towell advertising agency and letters exchanged with Carl Zielke and other officers and members of the Wisconsin Press Association. The latter file also includes copies of the column Brovald wrote during his year as president of the WPA. Also filed here are exchanges with various friends and associates in the journalism field. The file on the White Machine Co. of Eau Claire concerns a consistent user of the Sentinel's job printing services, the only such customer documented in the papers.

The general correspondence is very diverse in character. Of special note is the political correspondence filed here. These letters range from exchanges with Joseph R. McCarthy to complaints about local postal service. Other prominent correspondents include Dorothy Johnson, Lester Johnson, Ann Landers, Gaylord Nelson, Richard Nixon, Alvin O'Konski, William Proxmire, Vernon Thomson, and Alexander Wiley. The general correspondence is arranged alphabetically by name and chronologically thereunder. Unfortunately a substantial number of the letters are identified only by first name; these have been filmed chronologically at the end of the file for each letter of the alphabet in which Brovald originally placed them.

Although the financial records originally comprised about ten cubic feet of papers, these primarily consisted of invoices and other detailed records of little research value. However, despite the extensiveness of the detailed financial records in the original collection, complete summary data about the business was not present. There is, however, a virtually complete run of state and federal income tax returns, some financial reports, a ledger and cash journal for the period 1954-1955, working papers and expense sheets, and a complete run of check stubs.

The PERSONAL FILES contain probably the most interesting documentation in the collection. These files are subdivided into family correspondence and alphabetical subject files. The family correspondence contains carbon copies of the long, detailed letters which Brovald wrote to family members and a few friends while a student at the University of Wisconsin during the late 1940s. The correspondence is intermittent during the 1950s and 1960s, but it picks up again in 1966 when Brovald left Cadott to enroll in graduate school. During 1966 and 1967 he wrote almost daily to his wife, who was running the newspaper. Unfortunately, both of these time periods are documented almost solely by outgoing letters only.

The subject files contain diaries kept as a high school student during World War II, examples of his youthful journalistic endeavors, and an extensive correspondence concerning his work as a lay minister for area Methodist churches and other religious activities. The file on the Nicaragua Partners contains correspondence concerning publicity for the group and Brovald's 1965 trip to Nicaragua. Also filed here is some research material on the Nicaraguan press compiled in 1967 by Brovald while a student at Minnesota. (Included in this file is a letter from Anastasio Somoza.)

The UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN RECORDS consist of class notes, papers, examinations, and other materials documenting the instruction received by Brovald while an undergraduate.

Administrative/Restriction Information

Acquisition Information

Presented by Walter H. Brovald, St. Paul, Minnesota, 1977. Accession Number: MCHC77-53

Processing Information

Processed by Jeffrey A. Sinnott (FGH student), 1988.

Search Terms/Subject Terms

  • Johnson, Lester R. , 1901-1975
  • Nelson, Gaylord, 1916-2005
  • McCarthy, Joseph, 1908-1957
  • O’Konski, Alvin E. (Alvin Edward), 1904-1987
  • Thomson, Vernon W. (Vernon Wallace), 1905-1988
  • Wiley, Alexander, 1884-1967
  • Methodist Church
  • Partners of the Americas (Organization). Wisconsin Nicaragua Partners
  • University of Minnesota—Students
  • University of Wisconsin—Madison—Students
  • Wisconsin Press Association
  • Advertising
  • American Newspapers—Wisconsin—Cadott
  • Journalists—Wisconsin
  • Cadott (Wis.)
  • Nicaragua
  • United States—Foreign relations—Nicaragua
  • Wisconsin—Politics and government

Contents List

Eau Claire Mss BG

Series: Biographical Material

Box 1 Folder 1

Biographical clippings

Box 1 Folder 2

Awards, 1954-1967

Series: Business and Professional Files

Eau Claire Mss BG

Subject files

Box 1 Folder 3

Cadott High School anniversary, 1957

Box 1 Folder 4

Cadott history, 1964-1974

Box 1 Folder 5

Cadott: History and Heritage, 1964

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136 Reel 1 Frame 1

Microfilm Copy

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 1 Folder 5

“Cadott Newspaper History, 1881-1914,” 1976

Box 1 Folder 6

Cadotte family research notes, 1964

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136 Reel 1 Frame 30

Colorado School of Mines, 1953

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 1 Folder 7

Editor's tour of Ontario, 1962

Box 1 Folder 8

Employers Mutual Insurance Company, 1960-1967

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136 Reel 1 Frame 53

Grant County Herald (Margaret Barker), 1953-1954

Reel 1 Frame 93

Harrison, R. P., 1952-1958

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 1 Folder 9

Insurance, 1967-1968

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136 Reel 1 Frame 151

Las Cruces (NM) Sun, 1951-1952

Nabbefeld, A. T.

Reel 1 Frame 179

Correspondence re sale of Sentinel, 1954-1973

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 1 Folder 10

Undated material and sale contract

Box 1 Folder 11

Radio Wisc scripts, 1949

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136 Reel 1 Frame 238

Stanley Republican (Richard Bridgeman), 1949-1955

Reel 1 Frame 369

Towell (Arthur), 1948-1955, undated

Reel 1 Frame 493

WBEV, 1952-1953

Reel 1 Frame 501

WEAU, 1952-1954

Reel 1 Frame 535

White Machine Works, 1954-1961 Wisconsin Press Association

Reel 1 Frame 624

Correspondence, 1951-1973

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 1 Folder 12

Miscellany and president's column

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136

General correspondence

Reel 1 Frame 750

A

Reel 1 Frame 805

B

Reel 1 Frame 857

C

Reel 1 Frame 939

D

Reel 1 Frame 948

E

Reel 2 Frame 1

F

Reel 2 Frame 49

G

Reel 2 Frame 81

H

Reel 2 Frame 151

I

Reel 2 Frame 156

J

Reel 2 Frame 190

K

Reel 2 Frame 225

L

Reel 2 Frame 291

M

Reel 2 Frame 401

N

Reel 2 Frame 450

O

Reel 2 Frame 471

P-Q

Reel 2 Frame 541

R

Reel 2 Frame 609

S

Reel 2 Frame 672

T

Reel 2 Frame 696

U-V

Reel 2 Frame 707

W-Z

Eau Claire Mss BG

Financial files

Box 4 Folder 1

Advertising sheets, 1951-1955

Check stubs

Box 4 Folder 2-5

1954-1963

Box 5 Folder 1-3

1963-1967

Box 5 Folder 4

Expense sheets, 1956-1961

Financial reports

Box 5 Folder 5

1954-1957

Box 5 Folder 5

1954-1963

Box 5 Folder 6

General information, 1954-1966

Box 7

Journal, 1954-1955

Box 5 Folder 7

Ledger, 1954-1955

Box 6 Folder 1

Legal documents on land holdings, 1938-1960

Box 6 Folder 2

Press run statistics, 1962-1966

Box 6 Folder 3-4

Social Security and salary information, 1947-1967

Box 6 Folder 5-8

Tax returns, 1946-1966

Box 6 Folder 9

Volume statistics, 1956-1967

Box 6 Folder 10

Working papers for annual statements, 1956-1966

Series: Personal Files

Family correspondence

Box 1 Folder 13

Incoming correspondence, 1943-1945, undated

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136

Outgoing correspondence

Reel 2 Frame 844

1945-1946

Reel 3 Frame 1

1947-1948

Reel 3 Frame 298

1949

Reel 3 Frame 503

1950-1965

Reel 3 Frame 472

1966-1970

Eau Claire Mss BG

Subject files

Box 1 Folder 14

Cadott Library Board, 1964-1966

Box 1 Folder 15

Chirayatha, Joseph D. (Kerala, India), 1963-1965

Box 1 Folder 16

Congratulatory letters, 1958-1964

Box 1 Folder 17-18

Diaries, 1941-1944

Box 2 Folder 1

Eau Claire high school alumni, 1945-1946

Box 2 Folder 2

Fort Lewis trip, 1961

Box 2 Folder 3

Graduate school in journalism, 1966

Box 2 Folder 4

Heart condition, 1943, undated

Box 2 Folder 5

High school writings, 1939-1941

Lay ministry

Eau Claire Micro 26/Micro 1136 Reel 3 Frame 756

Correspondence, 1953-1967

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 2 Folder 6

Material re Cadott and Lake Hallie churches, 1959-1967

Box 2 Folder 7

Miscellaneous jobs, 1953-1954, undated

Nicaragua

Box 2 Folder 810

Correspondence, 1965-1966

Box 2 Folder 11

Correspondence re Nicaragua press, 1967

Eau Claire Mss BG Box 2 Folder 12

Northern Baseball League history, undated

Box 2 Folder 13

Outside activities, 1957-1962, undated

Box 2 Folder 14

University of Wisconsin miscellany, 1946-1948

Box 2 Folder 15

University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire Committee, 19631971

Series: University of Wisconsin Files

Box 2 Folder 16

American History, undated

Box 2 Folder 17

Botany, 1946

Box 3 Folder 1

British History, 1945-1946

Box 3 Folder 2

Economics 1a, 1948

Box 3 Folder 3

English 32a, 1945

Box 3 Folder 4

English 37, undated

Box 3 Folder 5

English 139, 1948

Box 3 Folder 6

Examinations, 1947-1949

Box 3 Folder 7

Geography, 1945

Box 3 Folder 8

Journalism la, 1945-1946

Box 3 Folder 9

Miscellaneous courses, 1945-1949

Box 3 Folder 10

Philosophy 41, 1947

Box 3 Folder 11

Philosophy 141, 1948

Box 3 Folder 12

Spanish, 1946

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