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Adobe InDesign CS3

Creating Styles

A style is a specified setting for characters or paragraphs in your document; they are helpful for documents that have several formatting changes (e.g., titles, section headings, text, lists) and for projects that more than one person is working on. Styles can make documents more consistent and save you time. This document explains the basics of creating styles in your InDesign document.

return to topCreating a Character Style

You have several options when creating a style. You can define a new style based on an already existing style, or from text that is already formatted. Character styles should be applied to one or more words (e.g., words you want to emphasize or vocabulary words).

Creating Character Styles: From Formatted Text

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Type ToolType Tool icon

  2. Select text with attributes you want to include in your style

  3. If the Character Styles palette is not already displayed, from the Type menu, select Character Styles
    NOTE: A check mark appears next to Character Styles when the Character Styles palette is displayed.
    OR
    On the Dock, click CHARACTER STYLESCharacter Styles icon
    The Character Styles palette appears.
    Character Styles palette

  4. In the Character Styles palette, click MENUMenu icon» select New Character Style...
    The New Character Style dialog box appears.
    New Character Style dialog box

  5. In the Style Name text box, type a name for your new style

  6. Click OK
    The new character style appears in the Character Styles palette with the style settings of the selected text.

Creating Character Styles: Dialog Box Option

  1. If the Character Styles palette is not already displayed, from the Type menu, select Character Styles
    NOTE: A check mark appears next to Character Styles when the Character Styles palette is displayed.
    OR
    On the Dock, click CHARACTER STYLESCharacter Styles icon
    The Character Styles palette appears.
    Character Styles palette

  2. In the Character Styles palette, click MENUMenu icon» select New Character Style...
    The New Character Style dialog box appears.
    New Character Style dialog box

  3. In the Style Name text box, type a name for your new style

  4. OPTIONAL: To define a new style based on an already existing one, from the Based On pull-down list, select the desired existing style
    HINT: This option is useful if you want to change only a few things about an existing style; you can make the desired changes and save the modified style under a new name.

  5. Define the style by making the appropriate changes using the following categories of attributes or options:

    Category
    Option
    General Used to define the style's name, keyboard shortcut, and the style it is based upon.
    Basic Character Formats Used to define font, size, kerning, case, leading, tracking, and position.
    NOTE: For more information on these options, refer to Formatting Options with the Character Palette
    Advanced Character Formats Used to define horizontal and vertical scale, baseline shift, skew, and language.
    NOTE:
    For more information on these options, refer to Formatting Options with the Character Palette
    Character Color Used to specify color, tint, and weight.
    OpenType Features Used to customize tilting, swash, ordinals, fractions, and figure style.
    Underline Options Used to define the offset, weight, type, color, and gap color.
    Strikethrough Options Used to change the offset, weight, type, color, and gap color.

  6. When finished, click OK
    The style appears in the Character Styles palette.

return to topCreating a Paragraph Style

Paragraph styles apply both paragraph and character formatting to one or more paragraphs. You can create paragraph styles either from an existing paragraph style or from a paragraph that is already formatted.

Creating a Paragraph Style: From Formatted Text

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Type ToolType Tool icon

  2. Place your insertion point within a paragraph with the desired formatting

  3. If the Paragraph Styles palette is not already displayed, from the Type menu, select Paragraph Styles
    NOTE: A check mark appears next to Paragraph Styles when the Paragraph Styles palette is displayed.
    OR
    On the Dock, click PARAGRAPH STYLESParagraph Styles icon
    The Paragraph Styles palette appears.
    Paragraph Styles palette

  4. In the Paragraph Styles palette, click MENUMenu icon» select New Paragraph Style...
    The New Paragraph Style dialog box appears.
    New Paragraph Style dialog box

  5. In the Style Name text box, type a name for your new style

  6. Click OK
    The new paragraph style appears in the Paragraph Styles palette with the style settings of the selected paragraph.

Creating a Paragraph Style: Dialog Box Option

  1. If the Paragraph Styles palette is not already displayed, from the Type menu, select Paragraph Styles
    NOTE: A check mark appears next to Paragraph Styles when the Paragraph Styles palette is displayed.
    OR
    On the Dock, click PARAGRAPH STYLESParagraph Styles icon
    The Paragraph Styles palette appears.
    Paragraph Styles palette

  2. In the Paragraph Styles palette, click MENUMenu icon» Select New Paragraph Style...
    The New Paragraph Style dialog box appears.
    New Paragraph Style dialog box

  3. In the Style Name text box, type a name for your new style

  4. OPTIONAL: To define a new style based on an already existing one, from the Based On pull-down list, select the desired existing style
    HINT: This option is useful if you want to change only a few things about an existing style; you can make the desired changes and save the modified style under a new name.

  5. OPTIONAL: To select a style for the paragraphs immediately following the the newly created style, from the Next Style pull-down list, make the desired selection

  6. Define the style by making changes to the categories of attributes or options
    NOTE: Please also refer to those options affecting Character Styles.

    Category
    Option
    Indents and Spacing Used to define the alignment, line spacing, and indents.
    Tabs Used to set tab position(s).
    Paragraph Rules Used to define a border either before or after the paragraph.
    Keep Options Used to ensure that text remains together, eliminating words or single lines of text that become separated from the other lines in a paragraph.
    Hyphenation Used to specify the length words should reach before they become hyphenated, and other options.
    Justification Used to set word spacing, letter spacing, glyph scaling, and the default value.
    Drop Caps and Nested Styles Used to create a drop-cap character style and nest the character style in a paragraph style.
    Bullets and Numbering Used to set bullet and numbering options.

  7. When finished, click OK
    The style appears in the Character Styles palette.

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