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Adobe InDesign CS3

Working with Independent Graphics

Independent graphics are graphics placed outside of a text frame. Regardless of what you do around the graphic, the placement will not change unless you move it. If you have multiple independent graphics that overlap each other, they become layered. For information on how to change layering order, refer to Working with Layers.

return to topPlacing Independent Graphics

How you place an object is initially determined by your choice of either the Selection Tool or the Type Tool. Independent graphics are placed using the Selection Tool, while inline graphics are place using the Type Tool.

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Selection ToolSelection Tool icon

  2. From the File menu, select Place...
    OR
    Press [Ctrl+D]
    The Place dialog box appears.
    Place dialog box

  3. From the Look in pull-down list, navigate to and select the file you want to place

  4. Click OPEN
    The cursor changes to a Place iconPlace icon.

  5. Use the mouse to position the icon’s top left edge where the top left corner of the object should appear in the document

  6. Click to place the object

  7. To adjust the position of the object relative to the text, select a text wrap option
    NOTE: To display the Text Wrap palette, from the Window menu, select Text Wrap

return to topSizing Independent Graphics

Once you have placed a graphic in your InDesign document, you may discover that it is not the right size or contains extra information that is not relevant to your document. InDesign allows you to resize, crop and pan images until they fit your needs. If you need additional editing options, you should use a graphics editing program such as Adobe Photoshop.

Resizing an Object: Mouse Option

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Selection ToolSelection Tool icon

  2. Select the object you want to resize
    Sizing handles appear around the selected object.

  3. Click and drag the desired corner sizing handle
    HINTS:
    To change your object proportionately, hold [Ctrl] + [Shift] as you drag the selected handle.
    To change your object in height or width, hold [Ctrl] as you drag one of the sizing handles.

  4. Release the mouse button

Resizing an Object: Control Bar Option

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Selection ToolSelection Tool icon

  2. Select the object you want to resize

  3. If the Control bar is not visible, from the Window menu, select Control
    The Control bar appears.
    Control bar

  4. From the Control bar, in the W and H text boxes, specify the desired width and/or height of the object
    HINTS:
    To change the ruler measurements (e.g., picas, inches, millimeters, centimeters), refer to Working with Rulers & Guides.
    To change object proportionally, click CONSTRAIN PROPORTIONS FOR WIDTH & HEIGHTConstrain proportions for width and height icon

  5. Press [Enter]

Cropping Independent Graphics

Placing graphics often creates unnecessary white space along the sides of the image. You may also find that you need only a portion of a graphic. Cropping allows you to hide these unneeded portions. The image file remains unchanged; only its appearance is modified within the current InDesign publication.

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Selection ToolSelection Tool icon

  2. Select the image you want to crop
    Sizing handles appear around the image.

  3. To crop part of the image, click a handle and drag it inward until the portion of the image you want to remain unchanged is showing

  4. Release the mouse when the graphic is cropped correctly
    HINTS:
    If you decide later to change the cropping, you can select the graphic with the Selection ToolSelection Tool icon and enlarge the frame using the sizing handles to show more of the graphic.
    If you later need to change which portion of the image is shown, you can pan across the image without re-cropping the image or changing the size of the visible portion.

Panning Graphics

Panning a graphic allows you to adjust which portion of the image is displayed after it has been cropped. Like a camera panning across a scene, the size of the visible area remains the same, but the content changes as you move the "viewfinder" across the picture. This is a useful tool if you cropped the picture to the right size but need to adjust which portion of the image is shown.

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Direct Selection ToolDirect Selection Tool icon
    As you move the cursor over the image, it turns into a Hand iconHand icon.

  2. Click and drag the Hand icon until you see the portion of the graphic you want shown
    HINT: To show the hidden part of the image, click and hold until the Hand icon becomes an arrowArrow iconbefore dragging the image. The hidden portion of the image will appear faintly on the screen as it moves, making it easy for you to see which part of the picture will become visible.

  3. Release the mouse button

return to topMoving Objects

If an object is not placed correctly on the page, it can be moved.

  1. From the Toolbox, select the Selection ToolSelection Tool icon

  2. Select the object you want to move by clicking it once

  3. Click and hold anywhere on the object
    NOTE: Do not click on a sizing handle to move the object.
    WARNING: If a two-sided arrow appears, you may have grabbed a handle and accidentally resized the graphic. To undo any resizing, release the mouse button and from the Edit menu, select Undo Resize.

  4. Drag the object to its new location and release the button
    NOTE: If you have selected an inline graphic, you will not be able to move it more than a few pixels up or down within the text.

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