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Web Publishing

Glossary of Web Related Terms

The following list of terms is divided between those that are generally related to the Web and those that are more specifically related to HTML coding.

return to topThe Web

Adobe Acrobat File
A special file format that does not allow the browser to alter its form. The file ends with a .pdf extension.

Browsers
Software applications that read and display Internet information. Examples include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape, Mosaic and Lynx.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Software
A software application that allows you to transfer files from one computer to another.

GIF (CompuServe Graphic Interchange Format)
An image format that has become the standard Internet image format. This standard was developed by CompuServe.

HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
A special set of codes (called tags) that a Web browser interprets when displaying Web pages.

HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP)
A special Internet tool type that identifies a document as a Web page.

Indexed Search
A method used to find Internet sites based on title and keyword searches. There are many search sites available, such as Google and Yahoo.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group)
An image format used to display photographic quality images. This is a standard that was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group.

Links
The text or graphic a person selects (by clicking or using the keyboard keys) that branches onto another document, another location in the current document, or another Internet tool.

Pixel
Picture element; the smallest viewable part of a screen image.

Robots
Special computer programs designed to roam the Internet to gather information about sites, especially index information.

Template
A skeleton Web page that can be used as a basis for all similar pages in a site.

Universal Resource Locator (URL)
The location of a Web document that may include 3 elements: the Internet tool type, the host name and the path and filename of the document.

Absolute URL:
The complete location of a file that includes the entire URL, including the Internet tool type and the host name (ex:
http://www.uwec.edu/Orientation/orientation.html”).

Relative URL:
The partial location of a file that only includes the path (if there is one) and filename (ex: “Orientation/orientation.html”). World Wide Web (WWW) A collection of Internet resources, such as HTML documents, graphics, etc., accessible with a Web browser.

return to topHTML Coding


Attributes (Tag)
Characteristics that modify the result of a tag. For example, the WIDTH attribute used with the horizontal rule tag (HR) changes the normal width of full screen to the percentage identified with the WIDTH attribute.

Codes
An HTML instruction that the Web browser interprets. Codes are an element of the tags and are included within the less than and greater than signs (< and >). The terms codes and tags are often used interchangeably.

On and Off (Paired) Codes
Paired codes have an ON code to mark where the action begins and an OFF code to mark where the action ends. The ON code is within the brackets (greater than and less than). The OFF code is also within brackets and begins with a forward slash (/).

Tags
A sequence of characters, beginning with the less than (<) sign and ending with a greater than (>), used to mark up text with display instructions. Tags are sometimes referred to as codes.

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