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Desire2Learn 9.0

Grades: Terminology

This document discusses some of the terminology unique to the Desire2Learn Grades tool.

Bonus Item
An optional grade item that offers an opportunity for students to earn additional points toward their final grade.
EXAMPLE: Each week students may take a two-question current events quiz. Students who opt to take the quizzes receive one point for each correctly answered question. These points add to their final grade. Students who opt not to take the quizzes will not be penalized. See Grades: Working with Bonus Items for more information.

Calculated Grade Item
Not included in the final grade; it is another form of reference. This type of item calculates the total of selected grade items (e.g., all assignments leading up to the midterm). See Working with Grade Items for more information.

Extra Credit
Provides an opportunity for a student to earn additional points beyond those assigned to that grade item.To learn more, see Grades: Working with Extra Credit Points.
EXAMPLE: A quiz has 10 questions, each worth 1 point. This grade item is worth 10 points. The quiz also has two additional questions each worth 1 point. A student answering all 12 questions correctly can receive 12 points for this grade item.

Formula Grading System
Grade items are given points and their contribution to the final grade is determined by a custom-defined formula. Only use this system if you are comfortable defining a formula.

Formula Grade Item
Gives credit based upon your pre-determined formula. See Working with Grade Items for more information.

Grade Colors
As you create a grade scheme for the Grades tool, you can assign colors for the various grade levels. When viewing the User List, in addition to their score, you will have a color cue as to your students' grades.

Grade Scheme
Relates percentages to letter grades (e.g., 60% = D). You may create multiple grade schemes for use within a single course. (e.g., a grade scheme for quizzes and a separate grade scheme for exams). For more information, see Grades Schemes.

Numeric Grade Item
Has an assigned point value (e.g., an exam worth 100 points). See Working with Grade Items for more information.

Pass/Fail Grade Item
Gives full or no credit (e.g., a student did or did not attend a guest lecturer's presentation).See Working with Grade Items for more information.

Points Grading System
Each grade item is assigned a point value. If categories are used, they are for organizational purposes only.

Selectbox Grade Item
Is graded manually using a pull-down menu. The letter grades in the pull-down menu are based on a grade scheme that you create (the grade scheme for Selectbox grade items should be distinct from other grade schemes you may be using). For more about schemes, see Grades Schemes.
EXAMPLE: You assign a "B" to a student's short essay. According to the grade scheme that you created for Selectbox items, that student will receive 90% of the total possible points for that essay. All students receiving a "B" will receive 90%.

Text Grade Item
Provides brief comments rather than a letter or percentage grade. This type of item can be used as a reference for instructors who may want additional criteria when deciding borderline grades. See Working with Grade Items for more about grade items.

Weighted Grading System
Grade items are assigned a percentage of the final grade. Categories can also be assigned a percentage of the final grade, and items within them are assigned a percentage of the category grade. All categories must total 100% and all items within a category must total 100% of the category. For more information, see Gradebook: Categories.
EXAMPLE: A sample weighted grading system might use the following categories: Papers - 40%, Tests - 50%, Participation - 10%. Two tests are each worth 50% of the category subtotal.


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