Social workers provide services to the elderly to gain and maintain an appropriate standard of living and level of functioning. These services facilitate a greater level of independence and social interaction, as well as physical, and emotional well-being. Social workers have direct contact with the elderly by providing counseling to them and their families, arranging for income assistance, volunteer opportunities, transportation, and medical treatment. They also facilitate support groups and organize recreational activities. In addition, they are often involved in advocacy and policy planning for older adults.