IUD and the Implant Info
The power to decide when to get pregnant is
kind of a big deal.
IUD’s (intrauterine devices) and the Implant (Nexplanon) are two of the most effective birth control methods. Both are safe, can offer years of protection, and can be easily removed any time you want. There’s enough to worry or stress about while being in college-don’t let birth control or an unplanned pregnancy be one of them! Both methods are now available at Student Health Service.
See below for links and other information on LARC's (long acting reversible contraception). If you already know about LARC's and are interested in learning on how to get one for no cost click on the Family Planning Only Services (Wisconsin Medicaid) tab to the left.
As always, PLEASE call us if you have any questions!
IUD (intrauterine device)
The IUD is a little, t-shaped piece of plastic that is inserted into and left inside the uterus.
- The device prevents pregnancy mainly by stopping ovulation.It also thickens cervical mucus, which makes it harder for sperm to enter the uterus and fertilize the egg.
- IUDs offer years of protection—between three and twelve, depending on the type you get. And if you want to get pregnant, you can have the IUD removed at any time.
- In the U.S.there are five IUDs: Mirena, ParaGard, Skyla, Liletta, and Kyleena.
Serious complications from use of an IUD are rare. However, some women do have problems. These problems usually happen during or soon after insertion:
- The IUD may come out of the uterus. This happens in about 5% of users in the first year of using the IUD.
- The IUD can perforate (or pierce) the wall of the uterus during insertion. It is rare and occurs in only about 1 out of every 1,000 insertions.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes. PID may cause scarring in the reproductive organs, which may make it harder to become pregnant later. The risk of PID is only slightly increased in the first 20 days after insertion of an IUD, but the overall risk still is low (fewer than 1 in 100 women).
- Rarely, pregnancy may occur while a woman is using an IUD.
- In the rare case that a pregnancy occurs with the IUD in place, there is a higher chance that it will be an ectopic pregnancy.
The implant (Nexplanon is the brand name; previously Implanon) is a single flexible rod about the size of a matchstick that is inserted under the skin of your upper arm.
- The implant releases progestin, a hormone that keeps your ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens your cervical mucus- just like an IUD.
- It can prevent pregnancy for up to four years. And if you want to get pregnant, you can have the implant removed at any time.
Possible risks include problems with insertion or removal of the implant. These problems occur in less than 2% of women. Although rare, if a woman becomes pregnant while the implant is inserted, there is a slightly increased risk that it will be an ectopic pregnancy.