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Grades: Working with Bonus Items


UW-Eau Claire > LTS Online Help > Campus-Specific > D2L Faculty > Grades: Working with Bonus Items

Bonus items and extra credit points provide an opportunity for students to improve their grade. The D2L Grades tool can help you apply additional credit efficiently. This document discusses four scenarios that can occur when offering bonus items. For information regarding extra credit items, refer to Grades: Working with Extra Credit Points.

A bonus item is a separate grade item which students can elect to complete. Points earned on a bonus item can only improve a student's grade.

Example: Each week students may take a two-question current events quiz. Students who opt to take the quizzes receive one point for each correctly answered question. These points add to their final grade. Students who opt not to take the quizzes will not be penalized.

There are several scenarios covered in the information below:

Considerations


Some factors need to be taken into consideration when using bonus items and extra credit with your D2L gradebook:

  • Will the extra points be added to the gradebook as an extra credit or bonus item?
  • Is your gradebook weighted or points based?
  • In a weighted gradebook, how much weight will be assigned to the bonus item?
  • Will the extra points apply only to the category or to the entire gradebook?

If a bonus item is applied to a category, a student cannot receive more than the maximum points or weight for the category. If a bonus item is applied to an entire gradebook, a student can receive more than the maximum points or weight for the category. The extra points will apply to the gradebook as a whole.

Scenario 1: Bonus Item Applied to a Category in a Points Gradebook


There are 130 total possible points in this points gradebook. This includes a Papers category worth 60 points (three papers each worth 20 points). The instructor wants to offer a bonus item worth 10 points. The bonus points are to be applied only within the Papers category of the gradebook.

Creating the Grade Item

  1. From the Course Home page, click Grades in the navigation bar. The User List pane appears.

  2. At the top of the screen, select the Manage Grades tab.

    Manage Grades Tab

  3. Select the desired category by clicking on its name, OR create a new category. For more information on this process, see Gradebook: Categories.

  4. The Edit Category screen appears. In the Grading section, do not select Can Exceed.

    Grading Categories

  5. Save the category, and then create a new grade item within the new category. For more information regarding this process, view the Grade Item documentation.

  6. In the Grading section, in the Max. Points text box, enter the number of bonus points assigned to this grade item.

    Weighted Grade Item

  7. Select Bonus.

  8. Click Save to save the grade item and keep it open, Save and Close to save the item and return to the grade item list, or Save and New to save the current grade item and create a new one.

    Note: In the
    Grade Items list, a star appears next to bonus items:  Bonus Star

Discussion of the Outcomes

A student who earns full points on all grade items in the Papers category and earns points on the bonus item receives a category grade of 60 points. In other words, the bonus points do not improve a perfect category score.


The student shown below lost 3 points in the Papers category and received 8 bonus points. The student's total score for the category was 60 out of 60 points. Points earned on a bonus item created in this way can only apply to the category.

Grade Item Bonus Outcome

Scenario 2: Bonus Item Applied to a Category in a Weighted Gradebook


The total possible score in a weighted gradebook is 100%. In this example, the Papers category is worth 40% of the final grade. The instructor wants to offer a bonus essay worth 10% of the Papers category grade, or 4% of the final grade. The bonus points are to be applied only within the Papers category of the gradebook.

Creating the Grade Item

  1. From the Course Home page, click Grades in the navigation bar.

  2. Click the Manage Grades tab near the top of the page.

    Manage Grades Tab

  3. Select the desired category by clicking its name, OR create a new category. For more information on this process, see Gradebook: Categories.

  4. In the Grading section, do not select Allow category grade to exceed category weight.

    Weighted Categories

  5. Save the category, and then create a new grade item within the new category. For more information on this process, view the Grade Item documentation.

  6. In the Grading section, in the Max. Points text box, enter the number of bonus points assigned to this grade item.

    Weighted Grade Item

  7. In the Weight text box, type the weight of the bonus item as a percentage of the parent category.

  8. Select Bonus.

  9. Click Save to save the grade item and keep it open, Save and Close to save the item and return to the grade item list, or Save and New to save the current grade item and create a new one.

    Note: In the
    Grade Items list, a star appears next to bonus items:  Bonus Star

Discussion of the Outcomes


The student who earns full points on all grade items in the category and earns points on the bonus item receives a final grade of 100% for the category. In other words, the bonus item does not improve a perfect score. The student below earned 100% on all assignments in the category and received points for the bonus item, but their subtotal for the category cannot exceed 40%.

Example2

Although the student did not receive full credit for other categories, bonus items created this way can only apply to the category.

Scenario 3: Bonus Item Applied to the Entire Points Gradebook


There are 130 total possible points in this points gradebook. This includes a Papers category worth 60 points (three papers each worth 20 points). The instructor wants to offer a bonus item worth 10 points. The bonus points are to be applied to the entire gradebook.

Creating the Grade Item

If you want the bonus item to affect the entire gradebook, you need to make sure the category settings allow that by selecting Can Exceed.

  1. From the Course Home page, click Grades in the navigation bar.

  2. Click the Manage Grades tab near the top of the page.

    Manage Grades Tab

  3. Select the desired category, OR create a new category. For more information on this process, see Gradebook: Categories.

  4. In order for the bonus item to apply to the entire gradebook, in the Grading section, select Can Exceed.

    Grading Categories

  5. Save the category, and then create an item within the category. For more information on this process, refer to the Grade Item documentation

  6. In the Grading section, in the Max. Point text box, type the number of points assigned to this bonus item.

    Weighted Grade Item

  7. Select Bonus.

  8. Click Save to save the grade item and keep it open, Save and Close to save the item and return to the grade item list, or Save and New to save the current grade item and create a new one.

    Note: In the
    Grade Items list, a star appears next to bonus items:  Bonus Star

Discussion of the Outcomes


With the bonus points, a student could receive 140 points. These bonus points can be used to offset points lost on grade items from any category. Since a student's final score cannot exceed 100%, the bonus points do not improve a perfect score. The highest possible Calculated Final Grade is still 130 points.

Example3

Scenario 4: Bonus Item Applied to the Entire Weighted Gradebook


The total possible score in a weighted gradebook is 100%. In this example, the Papers category is worth 40% of the final grade. The instructor wants to offer a bonus essay worth 10% of the Papers category grade, or 4% of the final grade. The bonus points are to be applied to the entire gradebook.

Creating the Grade Item

  1. From the Course Home page, click Grades in the navigation bar.

  2. Click the Manage Grades tab near the top of the page.

    Manage Grades Tab


  3. Select the desired category, OR create a new category. For more information on this process, see Gradebook: Categories.

  4. In the Edit Category pane, in the Grading section, select Allow category grade to exceed category weight. This allows students to receive more than 100% for the category.

    Grade Category Weighted Bonus


  5. Save the category, and then create an item within the category. For more information on this process, refer to the Grade Item documentation.

  6. In the Grading section, in the Max. Points text box, enter the number of points assigned to this grade item.

    Weighted Grade Item

  7. In the Weight text box, type the weight of the bonus item as a percentage of the parent category.

    Example: This item is worth 10% of a specificcategory, which is worth 40% of the final grade. The bonus item can raise a student's final grade by 4%.

  8. Select Bonus.

  9. Click Save to save the grade item and keep it open, Save and Close to save the item and return to the grade item list, or Save and New to save the current grade item and create a new one.
    Note: In the
    Grade Items list, a star appears next to bonus items:  Bonus Star

Discussion of the Outcomes

A student who earns 100% for the category and earns bonus points can receive more than the total percentage for the category - the student shown below earned 44% for a category worth 40% of the final grade. The percentages earned in each category are added together to get the final grade. Students cannot receive a final grade higher than 100%.

Example4

Excellence. Our Measure. Our Motto. Our Goal.