The Cowboy Hall of Fame is in Oklahoma City, OK. The statue is of Buffalo Bill. He was never a cowboy, but he had a very successful career playing a cowboy in shows throughout the United States and Western Europe in the late 19th century, when cattle drives, cowboys, and Indians had largely disappeared. What do you expect to find inside?
|William F. Cody, "Buffalo Bill" (1846-1917) was the youngest
and most daring pony express rider. |
He served with the Cavalry in the Civil War and was chief scout for the Army in the West.
Later, as a buffalo hunter for the Kansas Pacific Railroad, he killed 4,280 buffalo in 17 months,
for which got him the name "Buffalo Bill." The "Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show" started in 1883 traveling throughout the USA and Europe on seven different tours. What was the consequence of buffalo hunting?
Killing Buffalo. About 60 million buffalo roamed the Great Plains before Europeans arrived. Within the first 2 years of the coming of the railroad in the 1870s, 3 million buffalo were killed on the northern Great Plains by white "buffalo hunters" who sold the bones for fertilizer, hooves for glue, horns for buttons, and hides for leather in eastern cities. The buffalo herds in the southern Great Plains were destroyed within one year! The U.S. government even provided some of the "buffalo hunters" with free ammunition. Without their principal source of food -- the buffalo -- the Great Plains Indian nations were forced onto reservations by 1874 and fed rations by the U.S. government. [Source: PBS, The West, September 1996.]
Created by Ingolf Vogeler on 1 June 1996; last revised 09 March 2005.