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 Transition Considerations/Options 

(taken from the Centers for Independent Living website)

Transitioning into Adult Outcome Areas

Transition goals in the 1990s shifted from an employment-driven process to more outcome-oriented services (Browning, 1997). Today, transition planning for students with disabilities should center on improving key areas that include (but are certainly not limited to):

  1. Employment,
  2. Community Participation,
  3. Adult Living, and
  4. Post-Secondary and Continuing Education

(Clark, Patton and Moulton, 2000; Halpern, 1994; Patton and Blalock, 1996).

The provision of transition services to youth with disabilities has historically been the responsibility of the public schools, but CILs and other community agencies can also provide programs that help support transition-aged youth. (Wehmeyer and Gragoudas, 2004; Wilson, 1998). Below are some examples of the variety of services and programs included in the adult outcomes areas. Agencies that work with transitioning youth might find the list helpful in creating programs.


  • Vocational Evaluation and Assessment
  • Building Vocational Skills through Academic Coursework
  • Career Awareness and Exploration (academic skills and real work experiences)
  • Job Development
  • Job Placement
  • Supported Employment
  • Job Seeking Skills
  • Job Preparedness Skills
  • Volunteering

Community Participation

  • Transportation/ Mobility Training
  • Program and Service Accessibility
  • Advocacy
  • Accommodations
  • Recreational Activities
  • Special or Unique Interests
  • Understanding Civic Roles and Responsibilities

Adult Living

  • Residential Living
  • Medical/Health Awareness
  • Body (Health and Fitness)
  • Sexuality
  • Personal Care
  • Financial
    • Money Management and Budgeting
    • Understanding Social Security Income and Social Security Disability Income
    • Work Incentives
  • Cooking and Meal preparation
  • Shopping
  • Paying Bills
  • Interpersonal Relationships
  • Self-determination
  • Communication

Post-Secondary and Continuing Education

  • 2 and 4 Year Colleges
    • Completing Applications
    • Completing Financial Aid
    • Contacting Supports and Services for Individuals with Disabilities
  • Vocational and Technical Training
  • Apprenticeships
  • Military
  • Occupational Training
  • Time Management
  • Study Skills