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Biology Course Catalog
BIOL 100 General Biology
4 crs. • F, Sp, Su • GE-IIA; LS 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
• No credit toward biology major or minor. This course cannot serve as a prerequisite for
300 level biology courses. Explores fundamental principles of ecology, genetics, evolution, organism structure and function. Some lab sections are specially designed for
elementary/special education students who are likely to pursue a career in
fields other than the biological or medical sciences.


BIOL 110 Ecology and Evolution
4 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA; LS; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required
• No S/U Grade Option • P: MATH 109 or placement into MATH above 109. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
• Grade of C or above in BIOL 111 if BIOL 111 is taken before BIOL 110. Good performance in
high school biology and mathematics. One weekend field trip required. Introduction to the principles, patterns, and processes that have shaped the evolution of organisms and their interactions with the environment.



BIOL 111 Essentials of Cell Biology and Genetics
4 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA; LS • No S/U Grade Option • P: MATH 109 or placement
into MATH above 109; CHEM 103 or 115 or concurrent enrollment. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
• Grade of C or above in BIOL 110 if BIOL 110 is taken before BIOL 111. Good performance in
high school biology and chemistry. An exploration of the fundamental principles upon which life is based. Emphasis on molecular/cell biology and genetics.



BIOL 130 Human Sexual Biology
3 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• Credit may not be earned in both BIOL 130 and WMNS 130. No credit toward biology major
or minor.
Structure, function, control, and coordination of the human reproductive organ system. Formation and function of sex cells. Problems of lactation, fertility, sterility, sexuality, birth control challenges, and human population.



BIOL 151 Biology of Humans                                                                                                         4 crs. • F, Sp, Su • GE-IIA; LS • P: No credit if taken after or concurrently with BIOL 214. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
Basic principles and processes of the human body. Emphasis on human origin and evolution, biomolecules, cells, organ systems and disorders, reproduction, genetics, and the role of humans in the biosphere.



BIOL 180 Conservation of the Environment
3 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA • P: No credit if taken after GEOG 178. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 1
• No credit toward biology major or minor. Satisfies Wisconsin conservation requirement for
teaching certificates in science and social science. An introduction to natural resource conservation. Problems associated with the use and abuse of America’s resources are studied in an ecological framework. Resource management methods are explored.



BIOL 181 Conservation of the Environment Lab
1 cr. • V • GE-IIA; LS; SL-Optional; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s)
Required • P: Must be taken with BIOL 180. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 0  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
Laboratory science course intended to be taken with BIOL 180, Conservation of the Environment, in order to receive laboratory science credit. Labs and field trips have students explore problems and solutions associated with environmental and conservation of natural resource issues.



BIOL 195 Plants and Society
4 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA; LS 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
An introduction to the biology of plants and their use by humans for food, beverage, spices, commercial products, and medicine.



BIOL 196 Human Nutrition
3 crs. • F, Sp, Su • W; GE-IIA • P: No credit if taken after BIOL 354. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 1
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
Introduction to nutrition including coverage of nutrients-functions and sources; digestion and absorption; food guides; obesity and energy needs; diet and chronic disease; hunger in the world and United States; organic foods; sport nutrition; nutrition.



Biol 211 Organismal Form and Function
5 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • No S/U Grade Option • P: BIOL 110 and 111 each
with a grade of C or above. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Using concepts introduced in the first two courses in the introductory biology sequence, students will further develop their laboratory, reading, and critical thinking skills by learning about and experimenting on plants and animals.




BIOL 214 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
4 crs. • F, Sp, Su • GE-IIA; LS • P: Chem 103 or 115 with a grade of C or above. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor or pre-professional health science minor unless
BIOL 314 is taken, and then only five credits from BIOL 214 and BIOL 314 can be counted
toward the biology liberal arts major or minor, and the pre-professional health science minor
The fundamentals of bodily function are studied at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system levels. Integration of physiological function and anatomical structure will be highlighted in the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems.



BIOL 250 Microbiology
3 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA • P: BIOL 214 and one semester of college chemistry. No
credit if credit has been earned in BIOL 361. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• No credit toward liberal arts biology major or minor.
Study of the attributes of several microbial groups and their interactions with human systems in the disease process.



BIOL 291 Special Topics in Introductory Biology
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • P: Concurrent registration in BIOL 110 or consent of instructor. 
Biological topics of current and special interest not typically covered in an introductory biology course, and of special interest to students and faculty.



BIOL 296 Student Academic Experience
1-2 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE; SL-Full • May be repeated for a maximum of
4 credits • S/U Only Grade Basis • P: Eight credits in biology, with a 3.00 GPA
including a grade of B or above in the course in which the teaching experience
will occur. Limited to biology majors. • Instructor Consent Required 
• No more than two credits can be counted toward a biology major or minor. A total of four
credits may be taken between this course and BIOL 496.
Experience for qualified students, selected and supervised by faculty members, to facilitate teaching and learning in a specific course. Students enhance their knowledge of biology and their ability to communicate that knowledge to other students.



BIOL 300 Genetics
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 or consent of instructor; and MATH
109 with a grade of C or above. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Basic principles of heredity and variation; genetic systems, structure and roles of nucleic acids, mutation, allelism, genes in development, genes in populations, and genetics in human life; genetic engineering and genomics.



BIOL 302 Cell Biology
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111; CHEM 104 or 115. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Structure, function, and molecular organization of cells and cell organelles.


                                                                                                                                                          BIOL 304 Molecular Biology
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 300; CHEM 104 or 115. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Current concepts and methodologies of molecular biology presented in an experimental framework. Emphasis on current techniques, DNA replication, and gene regulation at the transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and translational levels.



BIOL 306 Infectious Disease Ecology
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111; and CHEM 104 or 115. Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Introduction to the realities of microbial pathogens in our lives and their relationship to hosts, reservoirs, and environmental factors. Discussion of emerging and re-emerging diseases.



BIOL 307 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory
2 crs. • F • Not for GE • A-F Grades Only • P: BIOL 302 or concurrent enrollment. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 0  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
A lab course introducing various technical aspects of cell and molecular biology. Techniques include cell culture, cell separation, extraction and separation of macromolecules, immunoassay, enzyme assays, immunofluorescence, PCR, and DNA sequencing.


                                                                                                                                                          BIOL 308 Evolution                                                                                                                       3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 or 300, or concurrent registration. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
An introduction to evolution, including: origin and impact of the theory of evolution, origin of life, genetics and natural selection, molecular evolution, speciation, adaptation, systematics, fossil record, biogeography, species interactions, and human evolution.



BIOL 309 Women in the Life Sciences
2 crs. • F • GE-IIA • P: Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• Credit may not be earned in both BIOL 309 and WMNS 309.
Reading, discussion, and student presentations about women and their contributions to the biological sciences within a personal, cultural, and historical context.



BIOL 311 General Entomology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 100 or 211. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  | Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Study of the structure, function, diversity, ecology, and management of insects. Field collection and laboratory identification of terrestrial and aquatic insects of Wisconsin.



BIOL 314 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 214 with a grade of C or above. Minimum sophomore standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• Only five credits from BIOL 214 and 314 can be counted toward the biology liberal arts
major or minor, and the pre-professional health science minor.
The fundamentals of bodily function are studied at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system levels. Integration of physiological function and anatomical structure will be highlighted in the cardiovascular, respiratory, excretory, digestive, and reproductive systems.



BIOL 317 Animal Physiology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211; one year of chemistry. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
Analysis of animal function using physical and chemical principles; homeostatic regulation of the internal environment of animals.



BIOL 320 Studies in Tropical Environments
3 crs. • Wi, Su • GE-IIA; LS; Special Course Fee Required; Special Course Fee
Varies by Section • Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Extended travel to study the biological diversity and natural history of terrestrial and aquatic organisms from a tropical environment. Emphasis on human impacts to tropical ecosystems.


                                                                                                                                                          BIOL 322 Plant Anatomy
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
The development and structure of cells, tissue, and organs; the structure and growth of meristems; comparative anatomy of stems, roots, and leaves of vascular plants.



BIOL 325 Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Principles of plant taxonomy including classification, description, identification, and nomenclature; survey of vascular plant diversity with emphasis on flowering plant families of Wisconsin. Field study of local autumn flora.



BIOL 326 Economic Botany
3 crs. • V • GE-IIA • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Plants upon which civilization is dependent for food, spices, fiber, shelter, fuel, medicine, and industrial products. Emphasis is on plant biology, use of plants, and relationship of plants to human cultures.



BIOL 328 Conservation Biology
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 180 or GEOG 178; and BIOL 110, or 330, or 338, or 376. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Scientific basis for restoring, maintaining, and protecting biological diversity. Explore worldwide efforts in research, education, and advocacy aimed at conserving genes, species, and ecosystems and their ecological and evolutionary processes.




BIOL 329 Field Experience in Conservation Biology
1 cr. • Sp • Not for GE; SL-Full; CP; Field Trip(s) Required • S/U Only Grade
Basis • P: Limited to Environmental Science minors majoring in biology,
geology, or geography; or limited to biology comprehensive majors in Ecology
and  Environmental Biology or minors in Environment, Society, and Culture.• Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 0  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 328 is preferred, can be taken as a prerequisite. Capstone
for Environmental Science minors or comprehensive majors in Ecology and Environmental
Biology. Group participation and collaboration with a community organization in hands-on work experience protecting Wisconsin biodiversity through projects in habitat restoration, research, and education.



BIOL 330 Population and Community Ecology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: MATH 114 and BIOL 211. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Emphasis on theory and empirical research concerning the dynamics and regulation of managed and natural populations. Application of field methods to sample populations and mathematical techniques to study population patterns.



BIOL 331 Trees and Shrubs
3 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110 or 195. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2 |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Field study of native and ornamental trees and shrubs. Classification and identification of major North American trees. Introduction to structure, physiology, and ecology of trees.



BIOL 332 Field Botany
3 crs. • Su • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Field study of the flora and vegetation of Wisconsin. Includes sight recognition of plants, identification of unknown plants using keys, plant communities, an introduction to plant taxonomy, and specimen preparation.



BIOL 333 Plant Physiology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 and one year college chemistry. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
A study of physiological processes that enable plants to grow under the varied conditions found in nature. Topics include plant metabolism, transport, growth, and development. Labs reinforce principles covered in lecture and expose students to modern research techniques.



BIOL 338 Vegetation Ecology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P:
Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Patterns and processes in vegetation, with an emphasis on the natural vegetation of Wisconsin. Laboratories will include field methods and an introduction to multivariate statistical analyses.



BIOL 340 Ornithology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required •
P: BIOL 211 or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Introduction to avian biology, including taxonomy, evolution, reproduction, physiology, flight, communication, behavioral ecology, and population census techniques (e.g., bird banding). Lab and field identification of Wisconsin bird species. Students will conduct a semi-independent research project.



BIOL 345 Invertebrate Zoology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
An introduction to invertebrate animals with emphases on phylogenetic relationships, form, function, and ecology. Laboratory sessions include field trips for the purpose of collecting invertebrate animals and experiments to learn about the biology of invertebrates.



BIOL 352 Parasitology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: One semester of a lab course in biology. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
A survey of protozoan, helminth, and arthropod parasites, emphasizing those affecting humans, host-parasite relationships, and vectors. Animal dissection is required.



BIOL 353 Biotechnology
3 crs. • F • GE-IIA • P: Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Examination of current biotechnology and future potentials. Focus on products, problems, and the profound impact of this science on individuals and society.



BIOL 354 Concepts in Advanced Nutrition

3 crs. • Sp • W; Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
In-depth study of nutrition incorporating more physiological and biochemical concepts than introductory nutrition courses. Coverage of nutrients, functions, and sources; metabolism; energy balance; dietary recommendations and relationship of food intake to chronic disease.



BIOL 356 Wisconsin Wildlife
4 crs. • V • GE-IIA; LS; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P:
BIOL 100 or 110. No credit if taken after BIOL 340, 369, 379, or 410. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
A course designed to provide an overview of Wisconsin vertebrate diversity. Topics include distribution, behavior, ecology, and conservation of Wisconsin species. For students seeking a general understanding of vertebrate biology and skills in field identification.



BIOL 361 Biology of Microorganisms
5 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 and one year of chemistry. No credit if
credit has been earned in BIOL 250. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Study of microbial taxonomy, physiology, genetics, ecology, and morphology with environmental, industrial, agricultural, and medical applications.



BIOL 362 Field Zoology
3 crs. • Su • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Field trips and laboratories concerned with habitat observation, collection, and identification of local animals, with emphasis on the invertebrates and cold-blooded vertebrates.



BIOL 365 Animal Behavior
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 211 or one year of
college zoology, or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Study of animal behavior with emphasis on evolutionary approaches; topics include feeding adaptations, predator-prey interactions, habitat selection, communication, sociality, and mating strategies. Students work together on lab/field exercises and conduct a semi-independent research project.



BIOL 369 Herpetology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and taxonomy of amphibians and reptiles. Laboratory identification of common North American species and field observations of local species.



BIOL 371 Medical Mycology
3 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 and one semester of college chemistry. Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
An introduction to the medically important fungi. Topics include fungal structure; superficial, cutaneous, and systemic mycoses; mechanisms of disease; host response to fungal infections and treatment/prevention.



BIOL 375 Limnology and Aquatic Ecology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P:
BIOL 110; CHEM 103 and 104, or 115. Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
An investigation of the geological, physical, and chemical processes of freshwater systems and their influence on the diversity and productivity of biological populations in lakes. Exploration of current issues by evaluation of case studies.



BIOL 376 Aquatic Ecology
4 crs. • V • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110. Minimum junior standing.
Ecology of aquatic organisms in lakes and streams. Emphasis is placed on processes shaping the structure and dynamics of freshwater communities. Laboratory experiments and field trips required.



BIOL 379 Ichthyology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, behavior, ecology, and evolution of fishes. Laboratory and field identification of local freshwater species.


                                                                                                                                                           BIOL 380 Endocrinology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211, and one year college chemistry. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
Study of the relationships between histophysiology, chemistry, and disorders of the endocrine system; its interrelationships with the nervous system and how both contribute to bodily homeostasis.



BIOL 381 Virology

4 crs. • V • Not for GE • P: BIOL 361 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Fundamental principles of virus structure, assembly, replication, and control mechanisms related to the dynamics of virus-cell interactions using specific disease examples. Lecture and discussion emphasis on modern molecular methods of studying virus systems.



BIOL 383 Statistical Analysis of Biological Data
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 110 and 111; MATH 111 or 114. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Practical applications of statistics are used to learn concepts and to develop skills. Graphical analysis, parameter estimation, and formal tests of hypotheses performed in the context of real biological studies using powerful statistical software.



BIOL 384 Biological Investigation
2 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Biological investigation is designed for students participating in undergraduate/faculty collaborative research projects.



BIOL 385 Undergraduate Seminar
1 cr. • F, Sp • Not for GE; CP • P: Minimum senior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Presentation of current research topics in student-selected subareas of biology.



BIOL 390 Biological Immersion Experience
1-4 crs. • V • FC; GE-IIA; LS; SL-Optional/Half; Field Trip(s) Required • May
be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits • A-F Grades Only • Instructor Consent
Required 
Project-based, field intensive, biological immersion experience focusing on the nature of environmental controls on floral and faunal distribution within a geographic region. Societal influence and interaction with the biological realm will be emphasized.



BIOL 392 Horticultural Botany
3 crs. • V • GE-IIA; LS; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 100 or 211. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Botanical theory as applied to horticultural practices and problems.



BIOL 395 Directed Studies
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum sophomore standing. •
Department Consent Required 
Directed study of a question or problem of biological interest, approved by the supervising faculty and the department chair.



BIOL 396 Honors Research
1-7 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE • May be repeated for a maximum of 7 credits
• P: 12 credits and 3.50 GPA in Biology courses. Minimum junior standing. 
Individual research project under the direction of a research adviser.



BIOL 399 Independent Study - Juniors
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum junior standing. •
Department Consent Required 
Independent study projects under the direction of a faculty member.



BIOL 401 Recombinant DNA Techniques
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 302 and 304; CHEM 352 or 452 and 453.
• Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 8
A laboratory course designed to teach methods of cloning and analyzing DNA. Includes purification, restriction, separation, labelling of nucleic acids; cloning in phage and plasmid vectors; selecting and analyzing clones; DNA sequencing; transcript analysis.



BIOL 402 Current Topics in Virology and Immunology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 300, CHEM 325, and one of the following:
BIOL 302, 304, 361, CHEM 352 or 452. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Lectures and readings in immunology and virology. Emphasis on the mode of thinking and reasoning that led to earlier solutions. Discussions of current advances in the fields.



BIOL 409 Molecular Genetics
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 304 and CHEM 452. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Molecular genetics comprehensively integrates biochemistry, molecular, and cellular biology and serves as the culminating biochemistry/molecular biology course. Topics include genomics, developmental genetic systems, organelle genomes, evolutionary genetics, immunogenetics, and medical genetics.


 

BIOL 410 Mammalogy
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required •
P: BIOL 211 or one year of college zoology, or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Introduction to biology of mammals, including taxonomy, evolution, thermoregulation, communication, behavioral ecology, and field techniques (e.g., tracking and live-trapping). Lab/field identification of Wisconsin species. Students will also carry out a semi-independent research project.



BIOL 412 Biochemistry/Molecular Biology Seminar
1 cr. • Sp • Not for GE; CP • Instructor Consent Required • P: Credit may not
be earned in both BIOL 412 and CHEM 412. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• Capstone experience for Biochemistry/Molecular Biology majors.
A weekly seminar series in biochemistry/molecular biology. Presentations by UW-Eau Claire students and faculty and invited speakers are based on original research or recently published papers. All enrolled students give one talk.



BIOL 420 Electron Microscopy
4 crs. • V • Not for GE • Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
• Enrollment limited to six students.
Current theories and methods in electron microscopy. Emphasis on preparation of biological specimens including tissue fixation, embedding, ultrathin sectioning, and staining, and in operation of transmission and scanning electron microscopes.



BIOL 423 Collaborative Research in Biology
3 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • A-F Grades Only • P:
A grade of “B” or above in the major, and completion of at least one upper
division (300-level or higher) biology course. Minimum junior standing. Limited
to biology majors and minors. • Instructor Consent Required 
• BIOL 383 is highly recommended prior to enrollment in this course. Students design and implement collaborative research projects to address special topics identified by the instructor. Student researchers will develop hypotheses and design studies to test them. The course emphasizes teamwork, data interpretation, and communication.



BIOL 460 Developmental Biology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 300, or 302, or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
A study of the molecular mechanisms underlying embryogenesis focusing on fertilization, embryonic patterning, cellular differentiation, and organogenesis. Emphasis placed on current experimental techniques and primary literature.



BIOL 470 Neurobiology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
Basic mechanisms in physiology and development of nervous systems. Introduction to neural systems and their behavioral correlates. Neuroscience methods. Students apply physical and chemical principles to understand nervous system function.



BIOL 485 Issues in Biology
2 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE; CP • P: Limited to biology majors and minors. No
credit if taken after BIOL 385 or 497. Minimum senior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Senior groups will use their education to locate and evaluate research on selected issues. Groups will produce a scholarly background paper, a creative presentation, and lead a discussion.



BIOL 486 Comparative Vertebrate Histology
4 crs. • V • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211. Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
• BIOL 301 or 303 is recommended prior to enrollment in this course.
Detailed study of the microscopic structure and function of animal tissues.
BIOL 490 Biological Field Studies
1-4 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated for a maximum of 4 credits • P: One
introductory and one upper division biology course. • Instructor Consent Required 
Extended travel to study field biology. Students record notes and data in the field and submit final written and/or oral reports. Field identification quizzes may also be required.



BIOL 491 Special Topics
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum junior standing. 
Lectures, laboratory, or field study covering specific areas not normally discussed in regular classes, and of special interest to students or faculty




BIOL 496 Student Academic Apprenticeship
1-2 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE; SL-Full; CP • May be repeated for a maximum
of 4 credits • S/U Only Grade Basis • P: Sixteen credits in biology including the
course to be apprenticed with a grade of B or above and 3.00 GPA or  higher
in biology coursework. Minimum senior standing. Limited to biology majors. •
Instructor Consent Required 
• No more than two credits can be counted toward a biology major or minor. A total of four
credits may be taken between this course and BIOL 296.
For qualified students, selected and supervised by faculty members, to facilitate teaching and learning in a specific course. Apprentices enhance their knowledge of biology and their ability to communicate that knowledge to other students.



BIOL 497 Senior Research Presentation
1 cr. • Not for GE; CP • P: BIOL 395 or 399 or 499 or consent of instructor.
Limited to biology majors and minors. Minimum senior standing. No credit if
taken after BIOL 385 or 485. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Capstone for biology majors involved in field or laboratory research. Student will present independent research through an oral presentation or poster given at Student Research Days.



BIOL 498 Internship in Biology
1-3 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE; SL-Full; IN • May be repeated for a maximum of
6 credits • S/U Only Grade Basis • P: Minimum junior standing. • Department
Consent Required 
• Does not count in any of the comprehensive or standard majors in biology or biology minors.
Provides supervised on-the-job experience in a biologically-related area of interest.



BIOL 499 Independent Study - Seniors
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum senior standing. •
Department Consent Required 
Independent study projects under the direction of a faculty member.


BIOL 100 General Biology
4 crs. • F, Sp, Su • GE-IIA; LS 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
• No credit toward biology major or minor. This course cannot serve as a prerequisite for
300 level biology courses. Explores fundamental principles of ecology, genetics, evolution, organism structure and function. Some lab sections are specially designed for
elementary/special education students who are likely to pursue a career in
fields other than the biological or medical sciences.






BIOL 110 Ecology and Evolution
4 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA; LS; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required
• No S/U Grade Option • P: MATH 109 or placement into MATH above 109. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
• Grade of C or above in BIOL 111 if BIOL 111 is taken before BIOL 110. Good performance in
high school biology and mathematics. One weekend field trip required. Introduction to the principles, patterns, and processes that have shaped the evolution of organisms and their interactions with the environment.



BIOL 111 Essentials of Cell Biology and Genetics
4 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA; LS • No S/U Grade Option • P: MATH 109 or placement
into MATH above 109; CHEM 103 or 115 or concurrent enrollment. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
• Grade of C or above in BIOL 110 if BIOL 110 is taken before BIOL 111. Good performance in
high school biology and chemistry. An exploration of the fundamental principles upon which life is based. Emphasis on molecular/cell biology and genetics.



BIOL 130 Human Sexual Biology
3 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• Credit may not be earned in both BIOL 130 and WMNS 130. No credit toward biology major
or minor.
Structure, function, control, and coordination of the human reproductive organ system. Formation and function of sex cells. Problems of lactation, fertility, sterility, sexuality, birth control challenges, and human population.



BIOL 151 Biology of Humans
4 crs. • F, Sp, Su • GE-IIA; LS • P: No credit if taken after or concurrently with
BIOL 214. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
Basic principles and processes of the human body. Emphasis on human origin and evolution, biomolecules, cells, organ systems and disorders, reproduction, genetics, and the role of humans in the biosphere.



BIOL 180 Conservation of the Environment
3 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA • P: No credit if taken after GEOG 178. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 1
• No credit toward biology major or minor. Satisfies Wisconsin conservation requirement for
teaching certificates in science and social science. An introduction to natural resource conservation. Problems associated with the use and abuse of America’s resources are studied in an ecological framework. Resource management methods are explored.



BIOL 181 Conservation of the Environment Lab
1 cr. • V • GE-IIA; LS; SL-Optional; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s)
Required • P: Must be taken with BIOL 180. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 0  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
Laboratory science course intended to be taken with BIOL 180, Conservation of the Environment, in order to receive laboratory science credit. Labs and field trips have students explore problems and solutions associated with environmental and conservation of natural resource issues.



BIOL 195 Plants and Society
4 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA; LS 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
An introduction to the biology of plants and their use by humans for food, beverage, spices, commercial products, and medicine.



BIOL 196 Human Nutrition
3 crs. • F, Sp, Su • W; GE-IIA • P: No credit if taken after BIOL 354. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 1
• No credit toward biology major or minor.
Introduction to nutrition including coverage of nutrients-functions and sources; digestion and absorption; food guides; obesity and energy needs; diet and chronic disease; hunger in the world and United States; organic foods; sport nutrition; nutrition.



BIOL 211 Organismal Form and Function
5 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • No S/U Grade Option • P: BIOL 110 and 111 each
with a grade of C or above. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Using concepts introduced in the first two courses in the introductory biology sequence, students will further develop their laboratory, reading, and critical thinking skills by learning about and experimenting on plants and animals.




BIOL 214 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
4 crs. • F, Sp, Su • GE-IIA; LS • P: Chem 103 or 115 with a grade of C or above. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• No credit toward biology major or minor or pre-professional health science minor unless
BIOL 314 is taken, and then only five credits from BIOL 214 and BIOL 314 can be counted
toward the biology liberal arts major or minor, and the pre-professional health science minor
The fundamentals of bodily function are studied at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system levels. Integration of physiological function and anatomical structure will be highlighted in the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems.



BIOL 250 Microbiology
3 crs. • F, Sp • GE-IIA • P: BIOL 214 and one semester of college chemistry. No
credit if credit has been earned in BIOL 361. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• No credit toward liberal arts biology major or minor.
Study of the attributes of several microbial groups and their interactions with human systems in the disease process.



BIOL 291 Special Topics in Introductory Biology
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • P: Concurrent registration in BIOL 110 or consent of
instructor. 
Biological topics of current and special interest not typically covered in an introductory biology course, and of special interest to students and faculty.



BIOL 296 Student Academic Experience
1-2 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE; SL-Full • May be repeated for a maximum of
4 credits • S/U Only Grade Basis • P: Eight credits in biology, with a 3.00 GPA
including a grade of B or above in the course in which the teaching experience
will occur. Limited to biology majors. • Instructor Consent Required 
• No more than two credits can be counted toward a biology major or minor. A total of four
credits may be taken between this course and BIOL 496.
Experience for qualified students, selected and supervised by faculty members, to facilitate teaching and learning in a specific course. Students enhance their knowledge of biology and their ability to communicate that knowledge to other students.



BIOL 300/500 Genetics
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 or consent of instructor; and MATH
109 with a grade of C or above. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Basic principles of heredity and variation; genetic systems, structure and roles of nucleic acids, mutation, allelism, genes in development, genes in populations, and genetics in human life; genetic engineering and genomics.



BIOL 301 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 or 312. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Structure, function, and evolution of chordate organ systems. Dissection of lamprey, shark, and cat.



BIOL 302 Cell Biology
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111; CHEM 104 or 115. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Structure, function, and molecular organization of cells and cell organelles.


 

BIOL 304 Molecular Biology
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 300; CHEM 104 or 115. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Current concepts and methodologies of molecular biology presented in an experimental framework. Emphasis on current techniques, DNA replication, and gene regulation at the transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and translational levels.



BIOL 306/506 Infectious Disease Ecology
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111; and CHEM 104 or 115. Minimum
junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Introduction to the realities of microbial pathogens in our lives and their relationship to hosts, reservoirs, and environmental factors. Discussion of emerging and re-emerging diseases.



BIOL 307 Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory
2 crs. • F • Not for GE • A-F Grades Only • P: BIOL 302 or concurrent
enrollment. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 0  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
A lab course introducing various technical aspects of cell and molecular biology. Techniques include cell culture, cell separation, extraction and separation of macromolecules, immunoassay, enzyme assays, immunofluorescence, PCR, and DNA sequencing.


 

BIOL 308 Evolution
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 or 300, or concurrent registration. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
An introduction to evolution, including: origin and impact of the theory of evolution, origin of life, genetics and natural selection, molecular evolution, speciation, adaptation, systematics, fossil record, biogeography, species interactions, and human evolution.



BIOL 309 Women in the Life Sciences
2 crs. • F • GE-IIA • P: Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• Credit may not be earned in both BIOL 309 and WMNS 309.
Reading, discussion, and student presentations about women and their contributions to the biological sciences within a personal, cultural, and historical context.



BIOL 311/511 General Entomology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 100 or 211. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  | Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Study of the structure, function, diversity, ecology, and management of insects. Field collection and laboratory identification of terrestrial and aquatic insects of Wisconsin.



BIOL 314 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
4 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 214 with a grade of C or above. Minimum
sophomore standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• Only five credits from BIOL 214 and 314 can be counted toward the biology liberal arts
major or minor, and the pre-professional health science minor.
The fundamentals of bodily function are studied at the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ system levels. Integration of physiological function and anatomical structure will be highlighted in the cardiovascular, respiratory, excretory, digestive, and reproductive systems.



BIOL 317 Animal Physiology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211; one year of chemistry. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
Analysis of animal function using physical and chemical principles; homeostatic regulation of the internal environment of animals.



BIOL 320 Studies in Tropical Environments
3 crs. • Wi, Su • GE-IIA; LS; Special Course Fee Required; Special Course Fee
Varies by Section • Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Extended travel to study the biological diversity and natural history of terrestrial and aquatic organisms from a tropical environment. Emphasis on human impacts to tropical ecosystems.


 

BIOL 322 Plant Anatomy
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
The development and structure of cells, tissue, and organs; the structure and growth of meristems; comparative anatomy of stems, roots, and leaves of vascular plants.



BIOL 325 Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Principles of plant taxonomy including classification, description, identification, and nomenclature; survey of vascular plant diversity with emphasis on flowering plant families of Wisconsin. Field study of local autumn flora.



BIOL 326 Economic Botany
3 crs. • V • GE-IIA • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Plants upon which civilization is dependent for food, spices, fiber, shelter, fuel, medicine, and industrial products. Emphasis is on plant biology, use of plants, and relationship of plants to human cultures.



BIOL 328 Conservation Biology
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 180 or GEOG 178; and BIOL 110, or 330,
or 338, or 376. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Scientific basis for restoring, maintaining, and protecting biological diversity. Explore worldwide efforts in research, education, and advocacy aimed at conserving genes, species, and ecosystems and their ecological and evolutionary processes.




BIOL 329 Field Experience in Conservation Biology
1 cr. • Sp • Not for GE; SL-Full; CP; Field Trip(s) Required • S/U Only Grade
Basis • P: Limited to Environmental Science minors majoring in biology,
geology, or geography; or limited to biology comprehensive majors in Ecology
and  Environmental Biology or minors in Environment, Society, and Culture.• Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 0  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
• Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 328 is preferred, can be taken as a prerequisite. Capstone
for Environmental Science minors or comprehensive majors in Ecology and Environmental
Biology. Group participation and collaboration with a community organization in hands-on work experience protecting Wisconsin biodiversity through projects in habitat restoration, research, and education.



BIOL 330 Population and Community Ecology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: MATH 114 and BIOL 211. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Emphasis on theory and empirical research concerning the dynamics and regulation of managed and natural populations. Application of field methods to sample populations and mathematical techniques to study population patterns.



BIOL 331 Trees and Shrubs
3 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110 or 195. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2 |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Field study of native and ornamental trees and shrubs. Classification and identification of major North American trees. Introduction to structure, physiology, and ecology of trees.



BIOL 332 Field Botany
3 crs. • Su • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Field study of the flora and vegetation of Wisconsin. Includes sight recognition of plants, identification of unknown plants using keys, plant communities, an introduction to plant taxonomy, and specimen preparation.



BIOL 333 Plant Physiology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 and one year college chemistry. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
A study of physiological processes that enable plants to grow under the varied conditions found in nature. Topics include plant metabolism, transport, growth, and development. Labs reinforce principles covered in lecture and expose students to modern research techniques.



BIOL 338 Vegetation Ecology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P:
Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Patterns and processes in vegetation, with an emphasis on the natural vegetation of Wisconsin. Laboratories will include field methods and an introduction to multivariate statistical analyses.



BIOL 340 Ornithology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required •
P: BIOL 211 or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Introduction to avian biology, including taxonomy, evolution, reproduction, physiology, flight, communication, behavioral ecology, and population census techniques (e.g., bird banding). Lab and field identification of Wisconsin bird species. Students will conduct a semi-independent research project.



BIOL 345 Invertebrate Zoology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required •
P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
An introduction to invertebrate animals with emphases on phylogenetic relationships, form, function, and ecology. Laboratory sessions include field trips for the purpose of collecting invertebrate animals and experiments to learn about the biology of invertebrates.



BIOL 352/552 Parasitology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: One semester of a lab course in biology. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
A survey of protozoan, helminth, and arthropod parasites, emphasizing those affecting humans, host-parasite relationships, and vectors. Animal dissection is required.



BIOL 353 Biotechnology
3 crs. • F • GE-IIA • P: Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Examination of current biotechnology and future potentials. Focus on products, problems, and the profound impact of this science on individuals and society.




BIOL 354 Concepts in Advanced Nutrition
3 crs. • Sp • W; Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
In-depth study of nutrition incorporating more physiological and biochemical concepts than introductory nutrition courses. Coverage of nutrients, functions, and sources; metabolism; energy balance; dietary recommendations and relationship of food intake to chronic disease.



BIOL 356 Wisconsin Wildlife
4 crs. • V • GE-IIA; LS; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P:
BIOL 100 or 110. No credit if taken after BIOL 340, 369, 379, or 410. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
A course designed to provide an overview of Wisconsin vertebrate diversity. Topics include distribution, behavior, ecology, and conservation of Wisconsin species. For students seeking a general understanding of vertebrate biology and skills in field identification.



BIOL 361/561 Biology of Microorganisms
5 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 and one year of chemistry. No credit if
credit has been earned in BIOL 250. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Study of microbial taxonomy, physiology, genetics, ecology, and morphology with environmental, industrial, agricultural, and medical applications.



BIOL 362 Field Zoology
3 crs. • Su • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Field trips and laboratories concerned with habitat observation, collection, and identification of local animals, with emphasis on the invertebrates and cold-blooded vertebrates.



BIOL 365 Animal Behavior
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 211 or one year of
college zoology, or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Study of animal behavior with emphasis on evolutionary approaches; topics include feeding adaptations, predator-prey interactions, habitat selection, communication, sociality, and mating strategies. Students work together on lab/field exercises and conduct a semi-independent research project.



BIOL 369 Herpetology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and taxonomy of amphibians and reptiles. Laboratory identification of common North American species and field observations of local species.



BIOL 371 Medical Mycology
3 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 111 and one semester of college chemistry.
Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
An introduction to the medically important fungi. Topics include fungal structure; superficial, cutaneous, and systemic mycoses; mechanisms of disease; host response to fungal infections and treatment/prevention.



BIOL 375 Limnology and Aquatic Ecology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required • P:
BIOL 110; CHEM 103 and 104, or 115. Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
An investigation of the geological, physical, and chemical processes of freshwater systems and their influence on the diversity and productivity of biological populations in lakes. Exploration of current issues by evaluation of case studies.



BIOL 376 Aquatic Ecology
3-4 crs. • V • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 110. Minimum
junior standing. 
• BIOL 330 is recommended prior to enrolllment in this course. Two Saturday field trips.
Ecology of aquatic organisms in lakes and streams. Emphasis is placed on processes shaping the structure and dynamics of freshwater communities. Laboratory experiments and field trips required.



BIOL 379 Ichthyology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required •
P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, behavior, ecology, and evolution of fishes. Laboratory and field identification of local freshwater species.


 

BIOL 380/580 Endocrinology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211, and one year college chemistry. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
Study of the relationships between histophysiology, chemistry, and disorders of the endocrine system; its interrelationships with the nervous system and how both contribute to bodily homeostasis.




BIOL 381/581 Virology
4 crs. • V • Not for GE • P: BIOL 361 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Fundamental principles of virus structure, assembly, replication, and control mechanisms related to the dynamics of virus-cell interactions using specific disease examples. Lecture and discussion emphasis on modern molecular methods of studying virus systems.



BIOL 383 Statistical Analysis of Biological Data
3 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 110 and 111; MATH 111 or 114. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Practical applications of statistics are used to learn concepts and to develop skills. Graphical analysis, parameter estimation, and formal tests of hypotheses performed in the context of real biological studies using powerful statistical software.



BIOL 384 Biological Investigation
2 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE • Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Biological investigation is designed for students participating in undergraduate/faculty collaborative research projects.



BIOL 385 Undergraduate Seminar
1 cr. • F, Sp • Not for GE; CP • P: Minimum senior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Presentation of current research topics in student-selected subareas of biology.



BIOL 390 Biological Immersion Experience
1-4 crs. • V • FC; GE-IIA; LS; SL-Optional/Half; Field Trip(s) Required • May
be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits • A-F Grades Only • Instructor Consent
Required 
Project-based, field intensive, biological immersion experience focusing on the nature of environmental controls on floral and faunal distribution within a geographic region. Societal influence and interaction with the biological realm will be emphasized.



BIOL 392 Horticultural Botany
3 crs. • V • GE-IIA; LS; Field Trip(s) Required • P: BIOL 100 or 211. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 2
Botanical theory as applied to horticultural practices and problems.



BIOL 395 Directed Studies
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum sophomore standing. •
Department Consent Required 
Directed study of a question or problem of biological interest, approved by the supervising faculty and the department chair.



BIOL 396 Honors Research
1-7 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE • May be repeated for a maximum of 7 credits
• P: 12 credits and 3.50 GPA in Biology courses. Minimum junior standing. 
Individual research project under the direction of a research adviser.



BIOL 399 Independent Study - Juniors
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum junior standing. •
Department Consent Required 
Independent study projects under the direction of a faculty member.



BIOL 401 Recombinant DNA Techniques
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 302 and 304; CHEM 352 or 452 and 453.
• Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 8
A laboratory course designed to teach methods of cloning and analyzing DNA. Includes purification, restriction, separation, labelling of nucleic acids; cloning in phage and plasmid vectors; selecting and analyzing clones; DNA sequencing; transcript analysis.



BIOL 402/602 Current Topics in Virology and Immunology
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 300, CHEM 325, and one of the following:
BIOL 302, 304, 361, CHEM 352 or 452. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Lectures and readings in immunology and virology. Emphasis on the mode of thinking and reasoning that led to earlier solutions. Discussions of current advances in the fields.



BIOL 409 Molecular Genetics
4 crs. • F • Not for GE • P: BIOL 304 and CHEM 452. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 4  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Molecular genetics comprehensively integrates biochemistry, molecular, and cellular biology and serves as the culminating biochemistry/molecular biology course. Topics include genomics, developmental genetic systems, organelle genomes, evolutionary genetics, immunogenetics, and medical genetics.


 

BIOL 410 Mammalogy
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE; Special Course Fee Required; Field Trip(s) Required •
P: BIOL 211 or one year of college zoology, or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
Introduction to biology of mammals, including taxonomy, evolution, thermoregulation, communication, behavioral ecology, and field techniques (e.g., tracking and live-trapping). Lab/field identification of Wisconsin species. Students will also carry out a semi-independent research project.



BIOL 412 Biochemistry/Molecular Biology Seminar
1 cr. • Sp • Not for GE; CP • Instructor Consent Required • P: Credit may not
be earned in both BIOL 412 and CHEM 412. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
• Capstone experience for Biochemistry/Molecular Biology majors.
A weekly seminar series in biochemistry/molecular biology. Presentations by UW-Eau Claire students and faculty and invited speakers are based on original research or recently published papers. All enrolled students give one talk.



BIOL 420 Electron Microscopy
4 crs. • V • Not for GE • Instructor Consent Required 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
• Enrollment limited to six students.
Current theories and methods in electron microscopy. Emphasis on preparation of biological specimens including tissue fixation, embedding, ultrathin sectioning, and staining, and in operation of transmission and scanning electron microscopes.



BIOL 423 Collaborative Research in Biology
3 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE; Field Trip(s) Required • A-F Grades Only • P:
A grade of “B” or above in the major, and completion of at least one upper
division (300-level or higher) biology course. Minimum junior standing. Limited
to biology majors and minors. • Instructor Consent Required 
• BIOL 383 is highly recommended prior to enrollment in this course. Students design and implement collaborative research projects to address special topics identified by the instructor. Student researchers will develop hypotheses and design studies to test them. The course emphasizes teamwork, data interpretation, and communication.



BIOL 460 Developmental Biology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 300, or 302, or consent of instructor. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
A study of the molecular mechanisms underlying embryogenesis focusing on fertilization, embryonic patterning, cellular differentiation, and organogenesis. Emphasis placed on current experimental techniques and primary literature.



BIOL 470 Neurobiology
4 crs. • Sp • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 3  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 3
Basic mechanisms in physiology and development of nervous systems. Introduction to neural systems and their behavioral correlates. Neuroscience methods. Students apply physical and chemical principles to understand nervous system function.



BIOL 485 Issues in Biology
2 crs. • F, Sp • Not for GE; CP • P: Limited to biology majors and minors. No
credit if taken after BIOL 385 or 497. Minimum senior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Senior groups will use their education to locate and evaluate research on selected issues. Groups will produce a scholarly background paper, a creative presentation, and lead a discussion.



BIOL 486 Comparative Vertebrate Histology
4 crs. • V • Not for GE • P: BIOL 211. Minimum junior standing. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 2  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 4
• BIOL 301 or 303 is recommended prior to enrollment in this course.
Detailed study of the microscopic structure and function of animal tissues.
BIOL 490 Biological Field Studies
1-4 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated for a maximum of 4 credits • P: One
introductory and one upper division biology course. • Instructor Consent Required 
Extended travel to study field biology. Students record notes and data in the field and submit final written and/or oral reports. Field identification quizzes may also be required.



BIOL 491 Special Topics
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum junior standing. 
Lectures, laboratory, or field study covering specific areas not normally discussed in regular classes, and of special interest to students or faculty




BIOL 496 Student Academic Apprenticeship
1-2 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE; SL-Full; CP • May be repeated for a maximum
of 4 credits • S/U Only Grade Basis • P: Sixteen credits in biology including the
course to be apprenticed with a grade of B or above and 3.00 GPA or  higher
in biology coursework. Minimum senior standing. Limited to biology majors. •
Instructor Consent Required 
• No more than two credits can be counted toward a biology major or minor. A total of four
credits may be taken between this course and BIOL 296.
For qualified students, selected and supervised by faculty members, to facilitate teaching and learning in a specific course. Apprentices enhance their knowledge of biology and their ability to communicate that knowledge to other students.



BIOL 497 Senior Research Presentation
1 cr. • Not for GE; CP • P: BIOL 395 or 399 or 499 or consent of instructor.
Limited to biology majors and minors. Minimum senior standing. No credit if
taken after BIOL 385 or 485. 
Lecture/Discussion Hours: 1  |  Lab/Studio Hours: 0
Capstone for biology majors involved in field or laboratory research. Student will present independent research through an oral presentation or poster given at Student Research Days.



BIOL 498 Internship in Biology
1-3 crs. • F, Sp, Su • Not for GE; SL-Full; IN • May be repeated for a maximum of
6 credits • S/U Only Grade Basis • P: Minimum junior standing. • Department
Consent Required 
• Does not count in any of the comprehensive or standard majors in biology or biology minors.
Provides supervised on-the-job experience in a biologically-related area of interest.



BIOL 499 Independent Study - Seniors
1-3 crs. • Not for GE • May be repeated • P: Minimum senior standing. •
Department Consent Required 
Independent study projects under the direction of a faculty member.


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